, literally the "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico"), is a United States territory
located in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico is an archipelago
that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands. The capital and largest city is San Juan
. The territory does not observe daylight saving time
, and its official languages are Spanish
, which is predominant, and English
. The island's population is approximately 3.4 million.
Puerto Rico's rich history, tropical climate, diverse natural scenery, renowned traditional cuisine and attractive tax incentives make it a popular destination for visitors from around the world. Its location in the Caribbean, combined with centuries of colonization and subsequent migration, has made Puerto Rican culture a distinct melting pot of Amerindian, Spanish, African, and North American influences.